It’s not just the cold weather that can cause lots of different skin conditions in the winter months – but indoor factors, too. Winter comforts like central heating, car heaters, bubble baths, even the warm woolly clothes we sport can all make an impact.

It can also sometimes be a minefield trying to figure out the most beneficial products for the skin and how their combined ingredients can combat skin concerns.

Luckily, the skincare experts at Zo Skin Health have debunked some of the top skincare ingredient buzzwords so you know exactly what to advise customers looking to revamp their skincare routine this winter.

Retinol: A widely used term within the skincare industry, Retinol based products can help improve the look of fine lines and wrinkles whilst also smoothing the surface area of the skin. Customers should apply a retinoid once a day, most preferably in the evening as skin will be sensitive to sunlight afterwards – use after cleansing and before applying moisturiser.

Vitamin C: Vitamin C is most commonly taken orally; however, the ingredient also has varying benefits when applied directly to the skin. Vitamin C provides a range of benefits including evening out skin tone, protecting skin against pollution, improving hydration and keeping an overall youthful appearance.

Hyaluronic Acid: The Hyaluronic Acid solution is able to work deep into the skin's layers to improve and benefit hydration and elasticity. Hyaluronic Acid is commonly used for its ability to combat the signs of ageing and eliminate skin imperfections.

Jojoba Oil: Jojoba Oil has some very powerful antioxidants which help in regenerating the skin cells, leading to a more youthful and glowing complexion. Jojoba oil is not only good for the face, but can also be used over the body instead in replacement of a normal moisturiser. You could advise to apply a few drops right after a bath or shower, while skin is still wet.

Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs): Alpha hydroxy acids, or AHAs as they are more commonly known, are natural acids which come from acidic fruits such as lemons and oranges. These acids reduce the look of wrinkles and can prevent future wrinkles whilst also making skin much smoother. For the best results, customers should dab a few drops of an AHA solution onto the skin every evening.

Antioxidants: Antioxidants are an essential ingredient when it comes to anti-ageing and keeping your skin looking youthful and healthy. Antioxidants help target the elements responsible for signs of ageing, but can also calm skin and help revitalise dull-looking skin. Antioxidants can be found in many beauty products on the market today such as moisturisers and serums.

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10): Collagen is highly important because it keeps your skin firm, while elastin gives your skin flexibility, when collagen is lost, this causes the skin to wrinkle and sag. CoQ10 helps the skin by acting as a strong antioxidant. It helps to banish those free radicals that promote premature ageing. Most people get enough CoQ10 from foods such as whole grains and oily fish – however it can also be bought as a supplement over the counter.

Niacinamide: Niacinamide, also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid, is a very effective ingredient that offers multiple benefits for ageing skin such as improving the appearance of uneven skin tone, large pores, wrinkles and dullness. Niacinamide can be applied on the face of both morning and night.

Salicylic acid: This Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA) removes dead skin cells from the skin, both on the surface of the skin and deep within the pores, providing a deep exfoliation targeting the more clogged areas of the skin. Skin problems such as pimples, blackheads and oiliness are all caused by excess oil and dead skin cells. Salicylic acid works in ridding the cause, which means customers will be less likely to suffer with blackheads and spots. Salicylic acid is best applied in the PM, using only a small amount as it is a very strong solution.

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